Captive breeding has contributed to the successful restoration of many species of birds of prey or psittacines. Avicultural breeding techniques include double clutching, direct fostering, cross fostering, hatch and switch, hacking, imprinting and assisted reproduction techniques such as semen collection and artificial insemination. However, reproductive failure is a common occurrence.
Failures are mainly related to management problems, including hygiene measures, food quality issues, breeding flock structure, or to individual health issues of breeding birds. These may result in non-egg laying females, low quality eggs or infertile eggs due to male infertility. Therefore, veterinary care of breeding collections is extremely important and this masterclass provides an overview of the veterinary involvement in birds of prey and psittacine breeding project.
Insight view into the most common management problems are provided, basic aviculture techniques explained and state of the art as well as cutting edge assisted reproduction techniques in avian reproduction are described, which belong to the veterinary field and allows the veterinarian to expand his field of expertise and service to the clients. This includes prophylactic health measures, preparation of birds and cages, semen collection, evaluation and crypreservation techniques, artificial insemination and ex-ovo fertilisation as the latest development.