Birds frequently show few clinical signs of illness, or only subtle signs. As such diagnostic investigations are often an essential part of the clinical process in addition to physical examination, history-taking, and blood tests.
Fortunately both radiography and endoscopy are greatly enhanced by the avian airsacs- the former by provision of negative contrast; the latter by enabling entry into the body cavity and the ability to clearly visualise and sample internal structures.
This masterclass will discuss both radiography and endoscopy.
Radiography will cover positioning and basic interpretation of findings as well as special techniques including use of positive contrast media in both the gastrointestinal and upper respiratory tracts.
Endoscopy will cover equipment needed (including making this cost effective in the early stages of a career in avian medicine), basic entry to different openings and to the body cavity; and understanding of the structures seen internally. Organ biopsy will also be described.
The class is intended for students and those newly started in avian medicine and is designed to enable greater confidence in performing and interpreting these diagnostic modalities when faced with a sick bird.